- Author: Quataert, D.
- Source: Workers and the working class in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic 1839-1950. Ed. D.Quataert & E.J.Zürcher, 59-74;171-173
- Published: Tauris, in association with the International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, London, 1995
- Series: Library of Modern Middle East Studies
- Subject Keywords:
Bibliography: Index Islamicus