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Language keywords

Please note that the following list includes (variant) names for languages, (sub)dialects and other such (sub)systems such as they occur or have occurred in publications and/or are or have been in use otherwise. This list is therefore not exhaustive nor does it differentiate or in any way evaluate the status, official or otherwise of such a name or the system it refers to.

Keywords for Bantu languages were assigned based on the language group classification of the New Updated Guthrie List (opens as pdf) compiled by Jouni Filip Maho.

Last updated January 2019.

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Language Genetic classification
Obang Benue-Congo
Obolo Benue-Congo
Ob-Ugric Ob-Ugric
Obulom Benue-Congo
Occidental Planned languages
Occitan (Provençal) Occitan (Provençal)
Oceanic Oceanic
Ọchịchị Benue-Congo
Ocuilteco Otomanguean
Odia see: Oriya Eastern Indo-Aryan
Oḍual Benue-Congo
Ofayé Macro-Jê stock
Ọgbịạ Benue-Congo
Ogbogolo Benue-Congo
Ogbrọnụagum Benue-Congo
Ögeled see: Ööld Oirat (including Kalmyk)
Oghuz see: Southwest Turkic (Oghuz) Southwest Turkic (Oghuz)
Ogoni Benue-Congo
Ogu Kwa
Ohlone see: Costanoan North American small families and isolates
Oirat (including Kalmyk) Oirat (including Kalmyk)
Oirata see: Woirata Papuan
Ojibwe Algonquian-Ritwan (Algic)
Ojibwe-Potawatomi Algonquian-Ritwan (Algic)
Ok Papuan
Okanagan Salish
Okanisi see: Ndyuka English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Okiek Nilo-Saharan
Okinawan see: Ryukyuan Japanese
Ókó Benue-Congo
Ókó-Ósanyin see: Ókó Benue-Congo
Oksapmin Papuan
Old and Medieval Spanish Old and Medieval Spanish
Old and Middle Chinese Old and Middle Chinese
Old and Middle Hungarian Old and Middle Hungarian
Old and Middle Mongolian Old and Middle Mongolian
Old and Middle Turkic Old and Middle Turkic
Old Aramaic Old Aramaic
Old Armenian Old Armenian
Old Breton Old Breton
Old Catalan Old Catalan
Old Czech Old Czech
Old Dutch (Old Low Franconian) Old Dutch (Old Low Franconian)
Old Egyptian Old Egyptian
Old English Old English
Old French Old French
Old Frisian Old Frisian
Old Galician-Portuguese Old Galician-Portuguese
Old Georgian Georgian
Old High German Old High German
Old Indo-Aryan Old Indo-Aryan
Old Iranian Old Iranian
Old Irish Old Irish
Old Japanese Old Japanese
Old Javanese Javanese
Old Korean Old Korean
Old Low Franconian see: Old Dutch (Old Low Franconian) Old Dutch (Old Low Franconian)
Old Low German (Old Saxon) Old Low German (Old Saxon)
Old Norse Old Norse
Old Nubian Nilo-Saharan
Old Occitan Old Occitan
Old Ottoman Turkish (Osmanli), Balkan dialects, Gagauz
Old Polish Old Polish
Old Prussian Old Prussian
Old Russian Old Russian
Old Sardinian Sardinian
Old Saxon see: Old Low German (Old Saxon) Old Low German (Old Saxon)
Old Sicilian Italo-Romance
Old Slavic Old Slavic
Old Slovak Old Slovak
Old Tibetan Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Old Uighur Old and Middle Turkic
Old Welsh Old Welsh
Olekha Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Ollari Central Dravidian
Olo Papuan
Olrat Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Olutec Mixe-Zoquean
Omani Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Omani Pidgin Arabic see: Gulf Pidgin Arabic Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Ombila see: Umpila Paman
Ometay see: Dawro Omotic
Ometo Omotic
Omotic Omotic
Omurano Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Ona see: Selknam Languages of the South American Southern Foothills
Onandaga see: Onondaga Iroquoian
One Papuan
Oneida Iroquoian
Ongbe see: Lingao Kadai
Önge Andamanese
Ongota Afro-Asiatic (Hamito-Semitic) languages
Onondaga Iroquoian
O’odham Uto-Aztecan
Ööld Oirat (including Kalmyk)
Öölt see: Ööld Oirat (including Kalmyk)
Opayé see: Ofayé Macro-Jê stock
Orchon see: Oroqen Northern Tungusic
Ordos Modern Mongolian
Oregon Athapaskan-Eyak
Oriya Eastern Indo-Aryan
Oroch Southern Tungusic
Orok Southern Tungusic
Oroko Bantu
Oromo Cushitic
Oroqen Northern Tungusic
Orya Papuan
Osage Siouan
Oscan Osco-Umbrian
Osco-Umbrian Osco-Umbrian
Osmanlı see: Turkish (Osmanli), Balkan dialects, Gagauz Turkish (Osmanli), Balkan dialects, Gagauz
Ossetic Northeast Iranian
Ossian Planned languages
Ostyak see: Khanti (Ostyak) Khanti (Ostyak)
Otomanguean Otomanguean
Otomí Otomanguean
Otoro Kordofanian
Ouldeme Chadic
Ourami see: Gurani Northwest Iranian
Oyda Omotic
Oyrat see: Oirat (including Kalmyk) Oirat (including Kalmyk)
Paakantyi see: Ngiyampaa Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Paama Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Paamese see: Paama Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Pacific Englishes see: South Pacific Englishes Modern English
Pacoh Eastern Mon-Khmer
Padoe Western Malayo-Polynesian
Paez Languages of Northwest South America
Pahādī see: Anarya Modern Indo-Aryan
Pahari Northern Indo-Aryan (Pahari/Himalayan)
Pahlavanik see: Parthian Middle Iranian
Pahlavi see: Middle Iranian Middle Iranian
Pa-Hng Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao)
Pahoturi Papuan
Pai (Northeastern Tibeto-Burman) see: Bai Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Pai (Yuman) see: Paipai Yuman
Paicî Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Paipai Yuman
Paiwan Formosan
Pakistan Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Pakoh see: Pacoh Eastern Mon-Khmer
Pakpak Dairi see: Batak Dairi Western Malayo-Polynesian
Palaic Palaic
Palauan Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Palaung Northern Mon-Khmer
Palaungic Northern Mon-Khmer
Palawa Kani Planned languages
Palawan Languages of the Philippines
Paleihnihan North American small families and isolates
Palenquero Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Paleoasiatic see: Paleosiberian (Paleoasiatic) Paleosiberian (Paleoasiatic)
Paleo-Sardinian Mediterranean languages
Paleosiberian (Paleoasiatic) Paleosiberian (Paleoasiatic)
Palestinian Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Palestinian Aramaic Old Aramaic
Palestinian Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Palewyami Yokuts
Pali Middle Indo-Aryan
Palikur Arawakan stock
Paljgu see: Nijadali Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Paluai Oceanic
Palu’e Central Malayo-Polynesian
Palyku see: Nijadali Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Paman Paman
Pama-Nyungan Pama-Nyungan
Pame Otomanguean
Pamir East Iranian
Pamlico Algonquian-Ritwan (Algic)
Pampagueño see: Pampangan Languages of the Philippines
Pampangan Languages of the Philippines
Pana Gur (Voltaic)
Panamanian Creole English English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Panamanian Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Panamint Uto-Aztecan
Panará Jê family
Panaras see: Kuot Papuan
Panare Carib family
Pangasinan Languages of the Philippines
Panjabi see: Punjabi Central Indo-Aryan
Pankararé Languages of Northeastern Brazil
Pankararú see: Pankararé Languages of Northeastern Brazil
Pankaré see: Pankararé Languages of Northeastern Brazil
Pannonian Slovenian Slovenian
Pano family Pano family
Panyjima see: Panytyima Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Panytyima Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Pa’O Karen
Papapana Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Papel Atlantic
Papiamento see: Papiamentu Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Papiamentu Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Papuan Papuan
Papuan Malay Bahasa Indonesia and Bahasa Melayu
Parachi Southeast Iranian
Paraglot Planned languages
Paraguayan Spanish Non-European Spanish
Paranan Languages of the Philippines
Paraujano Arawakan stock
Parecís see: Paresí Arawakan stock
Paresí Arawakan stock
Paressi see: Paresí Arawakan stock
Päri Nilo-Saharan
Parintintín Tupi-Guarani substock
Parkateje Macro-Jê stock
Parkatêjê see: Parkateje Macro-Jê stock
Parnkala Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Parthian Middle Iranian
Pashayi Dardic
Pashto Northeast Iranian
Pasifika Englishes see: South Pacific Englishes Modern English
Pataxó Hã Hã Hãe Macro-Jê stock
Pattani Bodish languages except Tibetan
Pattani Malay Bahasa Indonesia and Bahasa Melayu
Patuá see: Venezuelan French Creole Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Patwa see: French Guianese Creole Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Paumarí Arawan family
Pauna Arawakan stock
Pawnee Caddoan
Paya see: Pech Chibcha family
Payungu see: Bayungu Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Pazeh Formosan
Pear Eastern Mon-Khmer
Pearic Eastern Mon-Khmer
Pech Chibcha family
Pedi Bantu
Pelasgian Minoan, Eteocretan, Prehellenic
Pemba Bantu
Pemón Carib family
Pemong see: Pemón Carib family
Pémono Carib family
Penan Western Malayo-Polynesian
Pendau Western Malayo-Polynesian
Pende L10 Bantu
Penutian Penutian
Permian see: Permic (Permian) Permic (Permian)
Permic (Permian) Permic (Permian)
Pero Chadic
Persian Persian
Peruvian Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Peul see: Fula Atlantic
Phake Southwestern Tai
Philippine Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Phnong see: Mnong Eastern Mon-Khmer
Phoenician and Punic Phoenician and Punic
Phom Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Phowa Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Phrygian Phrygian
Phuan Southwestern Tai
Phula Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Phunoi Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Phuthi Bantu
Phuza Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Piapoco Arawakan stock
Piaroa Languages of Northern Amazonia
Picard Gallo-Romance
Pichi English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Pichis Ashéninca see: Ashéninca Arawakan stock
Pictish Proto-Celtic
Pidgin Fijian English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Pidgin Madam Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Pidgins and Creoles Pidgins and Creoles
Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Pijao Languages of South America
Pilagá Languages of the Chaco Region
Pilbara see: Bilybara Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Pileni Polynesian
Pilipino see: Tagalog Languages of the Philippines
Pima see: O’odham Uto-Aztecan
Pima Bajo Uto-Aztecan
Pimbwe Bantu
Píng Modern Chinese
Pingelapese Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Pinikura Australian
Pintupi Luritja Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Pintupi-Luritja see: Pintupi Luritja Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Pipil Uto-Aztecan
Pirahã Languages of Central Amazonia
Piratapuyo Tukanoan stock
Piro see: Yine Arawakan stock
Pisidian Pisidian
Pitjantjatjara Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Pitkern-Norf’k see: Norf’k English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Pitta-Pitta Pama-Nyungan
Pitu Ulunna Salu Western Malayo-Polynesian
Plains Indian Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Plang Northern Mon-Khmer
Planned languages Planned languages
Plautdietsch New Low German
Plautdiitsch see: Plautdietsch New Low German
Pnar Northern Mon-Khmer
Podoko Chadic
Pogolo-Ndamba G50 Bantu
Pohnpeian see: Ponapean Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Poke Bantu
Pol Bantu
Polabian Polabian
Polci Chadic
Polish Polish
Polish Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Polynesian Polynesian
Pomeranian Pomeranian
Pomo Pomoan
Pomoan Pomoan
Ponapean Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Ponosakan Languages of the Philippines
Pontic Modern Greek
Popoloc Otomanguean
Popoluca Mixe-Zoquean
Popti see: Jakaltek Mayan
Poqomam Mayan
Poquomchi’ Mayan
P’orhépecha see: Tarascan Mesoamerican small families and isolates
Port Sandwich Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Português Afro-Brasileiro see: Brazilian Vernacular Portuguese Non-European Portuguese
Portuguese Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Portuguese, Galician Portuguese, Galician
Poruborá Tupian stock
Poso Creek see: Palewyami Yokuts
Potawatomi Algonquian-Ritwan (Algic)
Poumei Naga Kuki-Chin-Naga
Poyanawa Pano family
Prai Northern Mon-Khmer
Prakrit Middle Indo-Aryan
Prasuni Nuristani (Kafir)
Pre-Biblical, Biblical and Mishnaic Hebrew Pre-Biblical, Biblical and Mishnaic Hebrew
Prehellenic see: Minoan, Eteocretan, Prehellenic Minoan, Eteocretan, Prehellenic
Prekmurje Slovenian Slovenian
Principense Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Prinmi Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Proto- and Common Slavic Proto- and Common Slavic
Proto-Altaic Proto-Altaic
Proto-Celtic Proto-Celtic
Proto-Dravidian Proto-Dravidian
Proto-Germanic Proto-Germanic
Proto-Indo-European Proto-Indo-European
Proto-Kartvelian Proto-Kartvelian
Proto-Romance Proto-Romance
Proto-Semitic Proto-Semitic
Proto-Sino-Tibetan Proto-Sino-Tibetan
Proto-Uralic Proto-Uralic
Provençal see: Occitan (Provençal) Occitan (Provençal)
Pskovian Old Russian
Pubiao see: Laqua Kadai
Puinave Languages of Western Amazonia
Pukapuka Polynesian
Pukina see: Puquina Languages of the Andes
Pulaar see: Fula Atlantic
Puluwatese Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Puma Himalayan Bodic languages
Pumi see: Prinmi Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Punan Western Malayo-Polynesian
Pungatitj see: Buwandik Paman
Punjabi Central Indo-Aryan
Punu Bantu
Pu-Nu Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao)
Puoc Northern Mon-Khmer
Puquina Languages of the Andes
P’urépecha see: Tarascan Mesoamerican small families and isolates
Purépecha see: Tarascan Mesoamerican small families and isolates
Purí Macro-Jê stock
Purik Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Putonghua see: Mandarin Modern Chinese
Puyuma Formosan
Pwo Karen
Pyen Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Pyu Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Qabeena see: K’abeena Cushitic
Qalqa see: Khalkha Mongolian proper
Q’anjob’al Mayan
Qaračin see: Kharchin Mongolian proper
Qasqa'i Southwest Turkic (Oghuz)
Qatabanian South Arabic
Qatari Pidgin Arabic see: Gulf Pidgin Arabic Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Q’eqchi’ Mayan
Qiang Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Qimant Cushitic
Qo Xiong Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao)
Qollahuaya see: Kallawaya Languages of the Andes
Qorčin see: Khorchin Mongolian proper
Quebec Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Quechua Quechua
Quechumaran stock Quechumaran stock
Quinault Salish
Quizgó see: Guambiano Languages of Northwest South America
Qurʾānic Arabic Classical and Modern Standard Arabic
Rabha Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Raday see: Rade Malayo-Polynesian
Rade Malayo-Polynesian
Raga Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Ra-glai see: Roglai Malayo-Polynesian
Rai Himalayan Bodic languages
Rajasthani Central Indo-Aryan
Rajbanshi Eastern Indo-Aryan
Raji Northwest Iranian
Raji (Bodish) see: Rawat Bodish languages except Tibetan
Ralte Kuki-Chin-Naga
Rama Chibcha family
Rama Cay Creole English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Rangi Bantu
Rangkas Bodish languages except Tibetan
Ranglong Kuki-Chin-Naga
Rangpa see: Rongpo Bodish languages except Tibetan
Ranmo Papuan
Ranquel Mapuche
Rapa Polynesian
Rapa Nui see: Rapanui Polynesian
Rapanui Polynesian
Rarotongan see: Cook Islands Māori Polynesian
Rashad Kordofanian
Ratahan Western Malayo-Polynesian
Raute Himalayan Bodic languages
Rawang Central Tibeto-Burman languages
Rawat Bodish languages except Tibetan
Red Karen see: Kayah Karen
Red Yao see: Younuo Yao Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao)
Reefs see: Ayiwo Papuan
Reefs-Santa Cruz Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Reel Nilo-Saharan
Rejang Malayo-Polynesian
Rembarrnga Non-Pama-Nyungan
Rembarunga see: Rembarrnga Non-Pama-Nyungan
Remo Munda
Rendille Cushitic
Rengmitca Kuki-Chin-Naga
Reshe Benue-Congo
Resian Slovenian
Resígaro Arawakan stock
Retuarã see: Tanimuka-Retuama Tukanoan stock
Réunion Creole Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Reyesano Takana family
rGyalrongic Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
rGyarong see: Jiarong Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Rhade see: Rade Malayo-Polynesian
Rhaetian Rhaetian
Rhaeto-Romance Rhaeto-Romance
Rhode see: Rade Malayo-Polynesian
Rhonga Bantu
Riang Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Riau Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia and Bahasa Melayu
Rigwe Benue-Congo
Rikbaktsa Macro-Jê stock
Rio de la Plata Spanish see: Rioplatense Spanish Non-European Spanish
Rioplatense Spanish Non-European Spanish
Ririo Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Rirratjingu see: Dhangu Pama-Nyungan
Roamaina see: Omurano Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Rodong see: Camling Himalayan Bodic languages
Roglai Malayo-Polynesian
Rokorona Chapakura stock
Romagnol Italo-Romance
Romance Romance
Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Romani Romani
Romanian (Rumanian) Romanian (Rumanian)
Romanian Pidgin Arabic Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Romanian Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Romansh Romansh
Romblomanon Languages of the Philippines
Ron Chadic
Rong see: Lepcha Central Tibeto-Burman languages
Rongga Central Malayo-Polynesian
Rongkong Western Malayo-Polynesian
Rongmei Kuki-Chin-Naga
Rongo Bantu
Rongpo Bodish languages except Tibetan
Roti Western Malayo-Polynesian
Rotokas Papuan
Rotuman Polynesian
Roviana Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Ruanda Bantu
Ruanda-Rundi JD60 Bantu
Ruguru Bantu
Rukai Formosan
Rumanian see: Romanian (Rumanian) Romanian (Rumanian)
Rundi Bantu
Rungu Bantu
Runology Runology
Runyakitara Bantu
Ruri Bantu
Rushani East Iranian
Russenorsk Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Russian Russian
Russian Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Rusyn Rusyn
Rutah see: Amahai Central Malayo-Polynesian
Rutul Lezghian
Ruund Bantu
Ryukyuan Japanese
Sa Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Saafi-Saafi Atlantic
Saami see: Saamic Saamic
Saamia Bantu
Saamic Saamic
Saaroa Formosan
Sabaean South Arabic
Sabaic see: Sabaean South Arabic
Sa’ban Western Malayo-Polynesian
Sabanê Languages of Central Amazonia
Sabanero see: Buglere Chibcha family
Sabellian Sabellian
Sabu Central Malayo-Polynesian
Sadri Eastern Indo-Aryan
Saek Northern Tai
Safaitic Ancient Arabic (Safaitic, Lihyanite, Thamudic, Hasaitic)
Safaliba Gur (Voltaic)
Sagala Bantu
Sahaptian Sahaptian
Saharan Nilo-Saharan
Sahidic Coptic
Saho Cushitic
Saidi Arabic see: Egyptian Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Saihriem Kuki-Chin-Naga
Saint Kitts Creole English English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Saisiyat Formosan
Sak see: Chak Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Sakachep Kuki-Chin-Naga
Sakai see: Kensiw Southern Mon-Khmer
Sakao Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Sakapultek Mayan
Sakati Bantu
Sakha Yakut
Salako see: Kendayan Bahasa Indonesia and Bahasa Melayu
Salar see: New Uighur, Salar, Sarygh Uighur New Uighur, Salar, Sarygh Uighur
Salar Southwest Turkic (Oghuz)
Saliba Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Sáliba Languages of Northern Amazonia
Salinan North American small families and isolates
Salish Salish
Salumã Arawakan stock
Sama Languages of the Philippines
Sama Bangingi see: Balangingi Languages of the Philippines
Samaritan Aramaic Old Aramaic
Samaritan Hebrew Canaanite
Samar-Leyte see: Waray-Waray Languages of the Philippines
Samba Leko Adamawa
Sambahsa Planned languages
Sambal Languages of the Philippines
Samic see: Saamic Saamic
Sammarinese Italo-Romance
Samo Mande
Samoan Polynesian
Samogho see: Jôwulu Mande
Samogo Mande
Samoma Gur (Voltaic)
Samoyedic Samoyedic
Sampang Himalayan Bodic languages
Samur see: Lezghian Lezghian
San (Khoisan) Khoisan
San (Mande) see: Samo Mande
Sanaani Arabic see: Yemeni Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Sanaga A60 Bantu
Sandawe Khoisan
Sangir Western Malayo-Polynesian
Sanglechi East Iranian
Sango Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Sani Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Sanká Chibcha family
Sanskrit Old Indo-Aryan
Santa Modern Mongolic languages besides Mongolian
Santhali Munda
Santome Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Santotomense see: Santome Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Santrokofi see: Lelemi Kwa
Sanumá Languages of Northern Amazonia
Sao Tome and Principe Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
São Vicente Creole Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Saong see: Chong Eastern Mon-Khmer
Saotomense see: Santome Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
São-Tomense see: Santome Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Sapos Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Sapuan Eastern Mon-Khmer
Sara-Bagirmi Nilo-Saharan
Saramaccan English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Sarangi Blaan Languages of the Philippines
Sararé see: Nambikwara del sur Languages of Central Amazonia
Saraveka Arawakan stock
Sardinian Sardinian
Sarikoli East Iranian
Sarnami see: Caribbean Hindustani Eastern Indo-Aryan
Sarygh Uighur see: New Uighur, Salar, Sarygh Uighur New Uighur, Salar, Sarygh Uighur
Sasak Western Malayo-Polynesian
Saudi Arabian Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Saudi Arabian Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Saudi Pidgin Arabic Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Saurashtra Central Indo-Aryan
Saveeng see: Tuam Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Savosavo Papuan
Sawai Central Malayo-Polynesian
Saweru Papuan
Sawila Papuan
Saya Chadic
Scandinavian see: North Germanic (Scandinavian) North Germanic (Scandinavian)
Scots Modern English
Scottish English Modern English
Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic
Scythian Old Iranian
Sebuyau Western Malayo-Polynesian
Sechura Languages of the Andes
Secwepemctsin Salish
Sedang Eastern Mon-Khmer
Seediq see: Truku Formosan
Seeku Mande
Seereer see: Serer Atlantic
Seimat Oceanic
Sekani Athapaskan-Eyak
Seke Bodish languages except Tibetan
Seko Padang Western Malayo-Polynesian
Sekpelé see: Likpe Kwa
Selaru Central Malayo-Polynesian
Selau see: Halia Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Selayarese Western Malayo-Polynesian
Selknam Languages of the South American Southern Foothills
Selkup Selkup
Selti see: Silt’e Ethiopic
Sema see: Sumi Kuki-Chin-Naga
Semai Southern Mon-Khmer
Semitic Semitic
Semnam Southern Mon-Khmer
Semnani Northwest Iranian
Semre Eastern Mon-Khmer
Sena Bantu
Seneca Iroquoian
Senga-Sena N40 Bantu
Senoufo Gur (Voltaic)
Sentani Papuan
Senya see: Efutu Kwa
Sepik Papuan
Sepik-Iwam Papuan
Sepitori Bantu
Seraiki see: Siraiki Northwest Indo-Aryan
Serbian Serbo-Croatian (Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian)
Serbo-Croatian (Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian) Serbo-Croatian (Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian)
Sercquiais see: Norman French Modern French
Sereer see: Serer Atlantic
Serer Atlantic
Seri North American small families and isolates
Serrano Uto-Aztecan
Serua Central Malayo-Polynesian
Seruyan Western Malayo-Polynesian
Seselwa Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Seychellois Creole see: Seselwa Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Seze Omotic
Sezo see: Seze Omotic
Sgaw Karen
Sgüüxs Tsimshian
Shaba Swahili Bantu
Shabo Nilo-Saharan
Shahri see: Jibbali South Arabic
Shahrudi Northwest Iranian
Shakacho see: Shekkacho Omotic
Shambala Bantu
Shambala G20 Bantu
Shan Southwestern Tai
Shanenawa Pano family
Shanga Mande
Shanindawa see: Sharanawa Pano family
Sharanawa Pano family
Sharchhop see: Tsangla Bodish languages except Tibetan
Shasta see: Shastan North American small families and isolates
Shastan North American small families and isolates
Shawã Pano family
Shawi see: Chayahuita Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Shawiya see: Chaouia Berber
Shawnee Algonquian-Ritwan (Algic)
Shehri see: Jibbali South Arabic
Shekka see: Shekkacho Omotic
Shekkacho Omotic
Sheko Omotic
Sheng Bantu
Sherpa Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Shi Bantu
Shi-Hunde JD50 Bantu
Shilluk Nilo-Saharan
Shina Dardic
Shinasa see: Boro Omotic
Shingazidja see: Comorian Bantu
Shipibo-Konibo Pano family
Shiposheng Modern Chinese
Shira Bantu
Shira Yugur see: Western Yugur Southeast Turkic (Uighur)
Shira-Punu B40 Bantu
Shiri Lak-Dargwa
Shirongolic Modern Mongolic languages besides Mongolian
Shiwiar Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Shiwilu see: Jebero Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Shixing Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Sholaga Dravidian languages
Shom Pen Southern Mon-Khmer
Shona Bantu
Shona S10 Bantu
Shor Northeast Turkic
Shua see: Kalahari Khoe Khoisan
Shuar Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Shughni-Rushani East Iranian
Shui see: Sui Kadai
Shumashti Dardic
Shumcho Himalayan Bodic languages
Shupamem see: Bamun Benue-Congo
Shuswap see: Secwepemctsin Salish
Siamese see: Thai Thai
Siar Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Sibe Manchu
Siberian Yupik Eskimo-Aleut
Sicilian see: Extreme Southern Italian dialects Italo-Romance
Siculo Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Sida Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Sidaama see: Sidamo Cushitic
Sidaamu see: Sidamo Cushitic
Sidamo Cushitic
Sidetic Sidetic
Sie see: Eromanga Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Sigidi Chadic
Sign Language of the Netherlands see: Dutch Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Sign languages Sign languages
Sign languages (except ASL) see: Individual sign languages (except ASL) Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Siha Bantu
Si-Hai Hakka Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Sika Central Malayo-Polynesian
Sikuani see: Guahibo Languages of Western Amazonia
Silesian Modern Polish
Silt’e Ethiopic
Simalungun Western Malayo-Polynesian
Simbiti Bantu
Simbo Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Simpi see: Esimbi Benue-Congo
Sinaugoro Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Sindang Western Malayo-Polynesian
Sindhi Northwest Indo-Aryan
Singapore English Modern English
Singpho see: Jingpho Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Sinhalese-Maldivian Sinhalese-Maldivian
Sinitic (Chinese) Sinitic (Chinese)
Sino-Tibetan Sino-Tibetan
Siona Tukanoan stock
Siouan Siouan
Sipakapense Mayan
Siraiki Northwest Indo-Aryan
Siraya Formosan
Sirinek Eskimo-Aleut
Sirionó Tupi-Guarani substock
Sisiqa Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Siska Bantu
Sissala Gur (Voltaic)
Siuslaw North American small families and isolates
Siwa see: Siwi Berber
Siwi Berber
Siwu Kwa
Siyase see: Avatime Kwa
Skepi Dutch Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Skolt Saami Saamic
Skou Papuan
Skwxwu7mesh see: Squamish Salish
Slave see: Slavey Athapaskan-Eyak
Slavey Athapaskan-Eyak
Slavic Slavic
Slovak Slovak
Slovak Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Slovenian Slovenian
Slovenian Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Sm’algyax Tsimshian
Snchitsu’umshtsn see: Coeur d’Alene Salish
So see: Thavung Vietic
Eastern Mon-Khmer
So Bantu Bantu
Sobei Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Sobo see: Urhobo Benue-Congo
Socotri see: Soqotri South Arabic
Soddo Ethiopic
Soga Bantu
Sogdian Middle Iranian
Sogeram Papuan
Soko-Kele C50 Bantu
Sokoro Chadic
Solomon Islands Pijin see: Melanesian Pidgin English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Soma see: Ditammari Gur (Voltaic)
Somali Cushitic
Somba see: Ditammari Gur (Voltaic)
Sombe Benue-Congo
Sombə see: Sombe Benue-Congo
Somray Eastern Mon-Khmer
Songe L20 Bantu
Songhay Nilo-Saharan
Songo Bantu
Soninke Mande
Soqotri South Arabic
Sora Munda
Sorb see: Sorbian Sorbian
Sorbian Sorbian
Sorbung Tibeto-Burman
Sosan Benue-Congo
Soso Mande
Sotho-Tswana S30 Bantu
Souei see: Suai Eastern Mon-Khmer
Sougb Papuan
South African Black English Modern English
South African English Modern English
South African Indian English Modern English
South African Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
South Arabic South Arabic
South Caucasian (Kartvelian) South Caucasian (Kartvelian)
South Dravidian South Dravidian
South Efate Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
South Ethiopic Ethiopic
South Halmahera-West-New Guinea South Halmahera-West-New Guinea
South Ndebele Bantu
South Pacific Englishes Modern English
South Saami Saamic
South Semitic South Semitic
South Slavic South Slavic
South-Central Dravidian South-Central Dravidian
Southeast Ambrym Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Southeast Iranian Southeast Iranian
Southeast Turkic (Uighur) Southeast Turkic (Uighur)
Southeastern Siouan Siouan
Southeastern Tibeto-Burman languages Southeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Southern Indo-Aryan (Marathi) Southern Indo-Aryan (Marathi)
Southern Khoisan see: !Ui-Taa Khoisan
Southern Mon-Khmer Southern Mon-Khmer
Southern Sotho Bantu
Southern Tungusic Southern Tungusic
Southwest Iranian Southwest Iranian
Southwest Pama-Nyungan Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Southwest Turkic (Oghuz) Southwest Turkic (Oghuz)
Southwestern Tai Southwestern Tai
Souw Amana Teru Central Malayo-Polynesian
Soyot Northeast Turkic
Spanish Spanish
Spanish Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Spokane-Kalispel-Flathead Salish
Squamish Salish
Squliq Formosan
Sranan English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Sri Lanka Malay Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Sri Lanka Portuguese Non-European Portuguese
St Helenian English Modern English
St. Francis see: Abenaki Algonquian-Ritwan (Algic)
St’át’imcets see: Lillooet Salish
Stau Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Stieng Eastern Mon-Khmer
Stod Bhoti Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Straits Salish see: Northern Straits Salish
Styrian Slovenian
Su Bantu
Suai Eastern Mon-Khmer
Suba Bantu
Subanon Languages of the Philippines
Subiya-Totela K40 Bantu
Subtiaba-Tlapanec Subtiaba-Tlapanec
Sudanese Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Sudest Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Suga Benue-Congo
Sui Kadai
Sukuma Bantu
Sukuma-Nyamwezi F20 Bantu
Sukur Chadic
Sula Central Malayo-Polynesian
Sulka Papuan
Sumbawa Western Malayo-Polynesian
Sumerian Sumerian
Sumi Kuki-Chin-Naga
Sumo Misumalpa family
Sumu see: Sumo Misumalpa family
Sunda Western Malayo-Polynesian
Sundanese see: Sunda Western Malayo-Polynesian
Sunwar Himalayan Bodic languages
Suomi see: Finnish (Suomi) Finnish (Suomi)
Supyre see: Senoufo Gur (Voltaic)
Surmic Nilo-Saharan
Sursurunga Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Suruí de Rondônia see: Suruí Paiter Tupian stock
Suruí Paiter Tupian stock
Suruwahá Arawan family
Surzhyk see: Suržyk Ukrainian
Suržyk Ukrainian
Suundi Bantu
Suyá Jê family
Svan Svan
Swahili Bantu
Swahili G40 Bantu
Swati Bantu
Swedish Swedish
Swedish Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Swiss German New High German
Swiss German Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Sye see: Eromanga Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Syer Gur (Voltaic)
Sylheti Eastern Indo-Aryan
Syriac Old Aramaic
Syrian Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Taba South Halmahera-West-New Guinea
Tabari see: Mazandarani Northwest Iranian
Tabaru Papuan
Tabasaran Lezghian
Tabghach see: Tuoba Mongolic (including Proto-Mongolic)
Tacana Takana family
Tachelhit see: Tashelhit Berber
Tachon Bantu
Tactile signed language Sign languages
Tadaksahak Nilo-Saharan
Tae’ see: Rongkong Western Malayo-Polynesian
Tafi Kwa
Tagakaulo Languages of the Philippines
Tagalog Languages of the Philippines
Tagbanwa Languages of the Philippines
Tagdal Nilo-Saharan
Tahitian Polynesian
Tahltan Athapaskan-Eyak
Tai Tai
Tai Daeng Southwestern Tai
Tai Lue Southwestern Tai
Tai Nua Southwestern Tai
Tai Turung see: Turung Central Tai
Tai Ya Southwestern Tai
Tai Yay see: Shan Southwestern Tai
Tai Yo Southwestern Tai
Tai-Kadai Tai-Kadai
Taimyr Pidgin Russian Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Taino Arawakan stock
Taior see: Thayore Paman
Tairong see: Turung Central Tai
Tairuma Papuan
Taiwan Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Taiwanese Modern Chinese
Tajiki Southwest Iranian
Tajikistan Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Tajio Western Malayo-Polynesian
Takana family Takana family
Takelma North American small families and isolates
Takia Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Takuu Polynesian
Talamanca see: Bribri Chibcha family
Talaud Western Malayo-Polynesian
Taleshi Northwest Iranian
Talishi see: Taleshi Northwest Iranian
Taliwang Central Malayo-Polynesian
Talodda see: Talaud Western Malayo-Polynesian
Talodi Kordofanian
Tama Nilo-Saharan
Tamabo see: Malo Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tamambo see: Malo Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Taman Western Malayo-Polynesian
Tamanaco see: Tamanako Carib family
Tamanako Carib family
Tamanaku see: Tamanako Carib family
Tamang Bodish languages except Tibetan
Tamari see: Ditammari Gur (Voltaic)
Tamashek see: Touareg Berber
Tamazight see: Berber Berber
Tambanua Western Malayo-Polynesian
Tamberma see: Ditammari Gur (Voltaic)
Tambora Papuan
Tamil Tamil
Tampuan Eastern Mon-Khmer
Tana Cushitic
Tanaina Athapaskan-Eyak
Tanana Athapaskan-Eyak
Tanema Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tangale Chadic
Tangam Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Tanganekald Pama-Nyungan
Tangic see: Tangkic Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Tangkhul Kuki-Chin-Naga
Tangkic Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Tanglang Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Tanglapui Papuan
Tangsa Kuki-Chin-Naga
Tangut Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Tani Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Tanimuca see: Tanimuka-Retuama Tukanoan stock
Tanimuka-Retuama Tukanoan stock
Tanjong Western Malayo-Polynesian
Tanna Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tanoan see: Kiowa-Tanoan Kiowa-Tanoan
Tanzanian Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Ta’oih Eastern Mon-Khmer
Tape Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tapiete Tupi-Guarani substock
Tapirapé Tupi-Guarani substock
Taqbaylit see: Kabyle Berber
Taracahita Uto-Aztecan
Tarahumara Uto-Aztecan
Tarascan Mesoamerican small families and isolates
Tariana Arawakan stock
Tarifit Berber
Tarok Benue-Congo
Taroko see: Truku Formosan
Tartessian Basque and the ancient languages of the Iberian peninsula
Tasawaq Nilo-Saharan
Tasha-Sili Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Tashelhit Berber
Tashlhiyt see: Tashelhit Berber
Tašlḥit see: Tashelhit Berber
Tat Southwest Iranian
Tatar Western Kipchak (Tatar, Bashkir, Crimean Tatar, Karaim)
Tatayuk Papuan
Tati Northwest Iranian
Tatuyo Tukanoan stock
Taulil Papuan
Taungurong Pama-Nyungan
Tausug Languages of the Philippines
Tauya Papuan
Tavoyan Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Tawala Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tay Tac Southwestern Tai
Tayo Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Tchaman see: Cama Kwa
Tchang see: Yemba Benue-Congo
Teanu Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Teda-Tubu Nilo-Saharan
Tedim see: Tiddim Kuki-Chin-Naga
Teenek see: Huastec Mayan
Tegua Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tehit Papuan
Tehueco Uto-Aztecan
Tehuelche Languages of the South American Southern Foothills
Teiwa Papuan
Teke B70 Bantu
Teko see: Emerillon Tupi-Guarani substock
Tektitek Mayan
Teleut Northeast Turkic
Telugu Telugu
Tem Gur (Voltaic)
Tembe see: Tem Gur (Voltaic)
Tembé Tupi-Guarani substock
Tembo Bantu
Temein Nilo-Saharan
Temi E40 Bantu
Temiar Southern Mon-Khmer
Tenda Atlantic
Ten-edn Southern Mon-Khmer
Tenetehara see: Tembé Tupi-Guarani substock
Tenharim see: Kagwahiv Tupi-Guarani substock
Tenino Sahaptian
Teop Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tepehua Totonacan
Tepehuan see: Tepehuano Uto-Aztecan
Tepehuano Uto-Aztecan
Tequistlatec Mesoamerican small families and isolates
Tera Chadic
Terêna Arawakan stock
Teribe Chibcha family
Ternate Malay Bahasa Indonesia and Bahasa Melayu
Ternateño see: Chabacano Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Teso-Turkana Nilo-Saharan
Tetela Bantu
Tetela C70 Bantu
Tetserret Berber
Tetum see: Tetun Central Malayo-Polynesian
Tetum Praça see: Tetun Dili Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Tétum-Díli see: Tetun Dili Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Tetun Central Malayo-Polynesian
Tetun Dili Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Teun Central Malayo-Polynesian
Tewa Kiowa-Tanoan
Tewa (Papuan) see: Teiwa Papuan
Thaayore see: Thayore Paman
Thadou Kuki-Chin-Naga
Thai Thai
Thai Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Thai Song Southwestern Tai
Thakali Bodish languages except Tibetan
Thalanyi see: Dhalandji Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Thalanyji see: Dhalandji Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Thamudic Ancient Arabic (Safaitic, Lihyanite, Thamudic, Hasaitic)
Thangmi Bodish languages except Tibetan
Thao Formosan
Tharaka Bantu
Tharrgari see: Dhargari Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Tharu Eastern Indo-Aryan
Thavung Vietic
Thayore Paman
Thayorre see: Thayore Paman
Thaypan Paman
Themne Atlantic
Thompson Salish
Thracian, Dacian Thracian, Dacian
Thulung Himalayan Bodic languages
Tiatinagua see: Ese eja Takana family
Tibetan (Central Bodish) Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Tibetan Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Tibeto-Burman Tibeto-Burman
Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal) Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Ticuna Languages of Western Amazonia
Tiddim Kuki-Chin-Naga
Tidore Papuan
Tiefo Gur (Voltaic)
Tiene-Yanzi B80 Bantu
Tigak Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tigrai see: Tigrinya Ethiopic
Tigray see: Tigrinya Ethiopic
Tigré Ethiopic
Tigré Ethiopic
Tigrigna see: Tigrinya Ethiopic
Tigriña see: Tigrinya Ethiopic
Tigrinya Ethiopic
Tillamook Salish
Tilung Himalayan Bodic languages
Tima Kordofanian
Timbira Jê family
Timbisha see: Panamint Uto-Aztecan
Timor-Alor-Pantar Papuan
Timorese Portuguese Non-European Portuguese
Timote-Cuica Languages of the Andes
Timu see: Tem Gur (Voltaic)
Timucua North American small families and isolates
Timugon Murut Western Malayo-Polynesian
T’in Northern Mon-Khmer
Tinani Bodish languages except Tibetan
Tindi Avaro-Andi-Dido
Tinri Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tira Kordofanian
Tirahi Dardic
Tirax Oceanic
Tiriki Bantu
Tiriyo Carib family
Tiruray Languages of the Philippines
Titan Oceanic
Tiv Benue-Congo
Tiwa Kiowa-Tanoan
Tiwa (Bodo) see: Lalung Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Tiwi Non-Pama-Nyungan
Tlapanec Subtiaba-Tlapanec
Tlingit Na-Dene
To’aba’ita see: Toqabaqita Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Toba Languages of the Chaco Region
Toba Batak Western Malayo-Polynesian
Tobagonian Creole English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Tobati Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tobelo Papuan
Tocharian Tocharian
Tod see: Stod Bhoti Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Toda South Dravidian
Tofa Northeast Turkic
Tofalar see: Tofa Northeast Turkic
Toga Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tojolabal Mayan
Tok Pisin English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Tokelauan Polynesian
Tokpe Gola see: Walungge Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Tol see: Jicaque Mesoamerican small families and isolates
Tolai Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tolaki Western Malayo-Polynesian
Tomini-Tolitoli Western Malayo-Polynesian
Tommo So Niger-Congo (Niger-Kordofanian)
Tondano Malayo-Polynesian
Tonga Bantu
Tongan Polynesian
Tongwe Bantu
Tongwe-Bende F10 Bantu
Tonkawa North American small families and isolates
Tooro Bantu
Toposa Nilo-Saharan
Toqabaqita Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Toraja Western Malayo-Polynesian
Toratán see: Ratahan Western Malayo-Polynesian
Torau Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Torghut Oirat (including Kalmyk)
Torlak South Slavic
Tornedalsfinska see: Meänkieli Finnish (Suomi)
Torre Valley dialect Slovenian
Torres Strait Creole English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Torwali Dardic
Toscano see: Tuscan Italian
Totela Bantu
Toto Bodish languages except Tibetan
Totonac Totonacan
Totonacan Totonacan
Totoró Languages of Northwest South America
Touareg Berber
Touo Papuan
Toussian Gur (Voltaic)
Towa Kiowa-Tanoan
Trans-New Guinea Papuan
Trasjanka Belarusian (Byelo-Russian, White Russian)
Tregerieg Modern Breton
Trégorrois see: Tregerieg Modern Breton
Trinidad and Tobago Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Trinidadian Creole English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Trinitario Arawakan stock
Trio see: Tiriyo Carib family
Tripura see: KokBorok Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Tripuri see: KokBorok Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Trique Otomanguean
Triqui see: Trique Otomanguean
Tristan da Cunha English see: St Helenian English Modern English
Trukese see: Chuukese Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Trukic Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Truku Formosan
Trumai Languages of Central Amazonia
Trung Central Tibeto-Burman languages
Tsachela see: Tsafiki Languages of Northwest South America
Tsafiki Languages of Northwest South America
Tsamai Cushitic
Ts’amakko see: Tsamai Cushitic
Tsamosan Salish
Tsangla Bodish languages except Tibetan
Tsat Malayo-Polynesian
Tsaxur Lezghian
Tsez see: Dido Avaro-Andi-Dido
Tsilhqot'in see: Chilcotin Athapaskan-Eyak
Tsilhqut'in see: Chilcotin Athapaskan-Eyak
Tsimshian Tsimshian
Tsishingini Benue-Congo
Tsogo B30 Bantu
Tsotsitaal Afrikaans
Tsou Formosan
Tsouic Formosan
Tsova-Tush Nakh
Tsum Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Tswa Bantu
Tswana Bantu
Tswapong Bantu
Tswa-Rhonga S50 Bantu
Tualatin North American small families and isolates
Tuam Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tuamotuan Polynesian
Tuareg see: Touareg Berber
Tubalar see: Tofa Northeast Turkic
Tübatulabal Uto-Aztecan
Tucano see: Tukano Tukanoan stock
Tucanoan see: Tukanoan stock Tukanoan stock
Tuchia see: Bizisa Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Tuchone see: Tutchone Athapaskan-Eyak
Tugun Central Malayo-Polynesian
Tujia see: Bizisa Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Tukang Besi Central Malayo-Polynesian
Tukano Tukanoan stock
Tukanoan stock Tukanoan stock
Tula-Waja Adamawa
Tule-Kaweah Yokuts
Tulu South Dravidian
Tumbatu Bantu
Tumbuka Bantu
Tumbuka N20 Bantu
Tümed Mongolian proper
Tumshuqese Middle Iranian
Tunebo Chibcha family
Tunen Bantu
Tungan see: Donggan Modern Chinese
Tungusic Tungusic
Tünhen see: Tunka-Oka Buriat (Buryat)
Tunica North American small families and isolates
Tunisian Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Tunka-Oka Buriat (Buryat)
Tunumiisut Eskimo-Aleut
Tuoba Mongolic (including Proto-Mongolic)
Tuparí Tupian stock
Tupian stock Tupian stock
Tupi-Guarani substock Tupi-Guarani substock
Tupinambá Tupi-Guarani substock
Tupuri Adamawa
Tura Mande
Turiwara Tupi-Guarani substock
Turkic Turkic
Turkish (Osmanli), Balkan dialects, Gagauz Turkish (Osmanli), Balkan dialects, Gagauz
Turkish Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Turkmen, Chorasan Turkic Turkmen, Chorasan Turkic
Turoyo Modern Aramaic
Turung Central Tai
Turvali see: Torwali Dardic
Tuscan Italian
Tuscarora Iroquoian
Tusian see: Toussian Gur (Voltaic)
Tutchone Athapaskan-Eyak
Tutong Malayo-Polynesian
Tutrugbu Kwa
Tutuba Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Tuu see: !Ui-Taa Khoisan
Tu’un Savi see: Mixtec Otomanguean
Tuva see: Tuvan Northeast Turkic
Tuvaluan Polynesian
Tuvan Northeast Turkic
Tuvin see: Tuvan Northeast Turkic
Tuwuli Kwa
Tuyuca Tukanoan stock
Tuzu see: Monguor Modern Mongolic languages besides Mongolian
Twana Salish
Twi see: Akan Kwa
Txikão Carib family
Tyama see: Cama Kwa
Tzeltal Mayan
Tzeltalan Mayan
Tzotzil Mayan
Tzutujil Mayan
Ubangian (Eastern) Ubangian (Eastern)
Ubi Chadic
Ubykh Ubykh
Ubyx see: Ubykh Ubykh
Udegeis see: Udihe Southern Tungusic
Udeghe see: Udihe Southern Tungusic
Udehe see: Udihe Southern Tungusic
Udekhe see: Udihe Southern Tungusic
Udi Lezghian
Udihe Southern Tungusic
Udmurt (Votyak) Udmurt (Votyak)
Uganda Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Ugaritic Ugaritic
Ugawng see: Ugong Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Ughele Oceanic
Ugong Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Ugric Ugric
Uighur see: Southeast Turkic (Uighur) Southeast Turkic (Uighur)
Uilta see: Orok Southern Tungusic
!Ui-Taa Khoisan
Uitoto Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Ukaan Benue-Congo
Ukrainian Ukrainian
Ùkuè Benue-Congo
Ulch Southern Tungusic
Ulithian Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Ulu Muar Western Malayo-Polynesian
Uma Western Malayo-Polynesian
Umatilla Sahaptian
Umbrian Osco-Umbrian
Umbule see: Wambule Himalayan Bodic languages
Umbundu R10 Bantu
Umbu-Ungu Papuan
Umbuygamu Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Umpila Paman
Umpithamu Paman
Umurano see: Omurano Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Umutina Macro-Jê stock
Unangan Tunuu see: Unangax Eskimo-Aleut
Unangax Eskimo-Aleut
Uneme Benue-Congo
Unguja Bantu
Unish Planned languages
Unserdeutsch Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Unua Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Upper Kuskokwim Athapaskan-Eyak
Upper Sorbian Sorbian
Upper Tanudan Kalinga Languages of the Philippines
Ura Papuan
Uradhi Paman
Uralic Uralic
Uralic and Altaic Uralic and Altaic
Uralikuruman see: Betta Kurumba Tamil
Urama Papuan
Uranw see: Dhangar North Dravidian
Urap Papuan
Urarina Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Urartian Urartian
Urat Mongolian proper
Urdu see: Hindi and Urdu Hindi and Urdu
Urdu Pidgin Arabic see: Saudi Pidgin Arabic Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Urhobo Benue-Congo
Uripiv-Wala-Rano-Atchin Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Urmi Modern Aramaic
Uru Languages of the Andes
Urubú see: Ka’apor Tupi-Guarani substock
Uru-Chipaya Languages of the Andes
Uru-eu-wau-wau Tupi-Guarani substock
Uruguayan Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Urum Western Kipchak (Tatar, Bashkir, Crimean Tatar, Karaim)
US English Modern English
US Spanish Non-European Spanish
Usoi Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Usoi Tripura see: Usoi Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Uspantek Mayan
Ute Uto-Aztecan
ut-Ma'in Benue-Congo
Uto-Aztecan Uto-Aztecan
Utsat see: Tsat Malayo-Polynesian
Uvean Polynesian
Uvwiẹ Benue-Congo
Uwa see: Tunebo Chibcha family
Uyghur see: New Uighur, Salar, Sarygh Uighur New Uighur, Salar, Sarygh Uighur
Uzbek Uzbek
Uzbekistan Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Vaeakau-Taumako see: Pileni Polynesian
Vafsi Northwest Iranian
Vai Mande
Valencian Modern Catalan
Valman Papuan
Vanji East Iranian
Vannetais see: Gwenedeg Modern Breton
Vanyume Uto-Aztecan
Varijío see: Guarijío Uto-Aztecan
Vata Kru
Vatrata see: Vera’a Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Vayu see: Hayu Himalayan Bodic languages
Vedic Old Indo-Aryan
Vejnax see: Nakh Nakh
Veliotic Dalmatian
Venda Bantu
Venda S20 Bantu
Venetan see: Venetian Italo-Romance
Venetian Italo-Romance
Venetic Venetic
Veneziano see: Venetian Italo-Romance
Venezuelan French Creole Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Venezuelan Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Venezuelan Spanish Non-European Spanish
Veps Veps
Vera’a Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Vetrat see: Vera’a Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Vidunda Bantu
Vietic Vietic
Viet-Muong see: Vietic Vietic
Vietnamese Vietnamese
Vilamovicean see: Wymysorys New High German
Vilela Languages of the Chaco Region
Vili Bantu
Vincentian Creole English English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Vinitiri see: Minigir Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Vinmavis Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Virgin Islands Creole English lexifier pidgins and creoles
Vitu see: Muduapa Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Viya Bantu
Vlăheşte see: Megleno-Romanian Balkan Romance
Vlakh see: Aromanian Balkan Romance
Vlax Romani
Voa Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Vogul see: Mansi (Vogul) Mansi (Vogul)
Volapük Planned languages
Volgaic Volgaic
Volow Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Voltaic see: Gur (Voltaic) Gur (Voltaic)
Võro Estonian
Votic Votic
Votyak see: Udmurt (Votyak) Udmurt (Votyak)
Vove Bantu
Vovo see: Bieria Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Vulgar Latin Ancient Latin
Vunaqumu Polynesian
Vurës Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Wa Northern Mon-Khmer
Waata see: Boni Cushitic
Waddar Telugu
Wageman see: Wagiman Non-Pama-Nyungan
Wagiman Non-Pama-Nyungan
Wahívoan Languages of Western Amazonia
Waic Northern Mon-Khmer
Waikurú Languages of the Chaco Region
Waima’a Central Malayo-Polynesian
Waimiri Carib family
Waimoa see: Waima’a Central Malayo-Polynesian
Waisika see: Kamang Papuan
Waiwai Carib family
Wajiara Tukanoan stock
Waka-Kabic Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Wakashan Wakashan
Wakhani see: Wakhi East Iranian
Wakhi East Iranian
Wakka Wakka Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Wäläne see: Wolane Ethiopic
Walapai Yuman
Walapay see: Walapai Yuman
Wälaytta see: Wolaitta Omotic
Wali Gur (Voltaic)
Walla Walla Sahaptian
Walmajarri Pama-Nyungan
Walman see: Valman Papuan
Walmatjari see: Walmajarri Pama-Nyungan
Walmatjiri see: Walmajarri Pama-Nyungan
Walmiki Indo-Aryan (Indic)
Walungge Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Waman Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Wambaya Non-Pama-Nyungan
Wambo R20 Bantu
Wambon Papuan
Wambule Himalayan Bodic languages
Wamesa Eastern Malayo-Polynesian
Wampanoag see: Massachusett Algonquian-Ritwan (Algic)
Wampis Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Wan Mande
Wanano see: Kotiria Tukanoan stock
Wancho Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India (Bangladesh, Nepal)
Wanda Bantu
Wandala Chadic
Wangaaybuwan-Ngiyambaa see: Ngiyampaa Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Wangkajutjuru Pama-Nyungan
Wangkumara Pama-Nyungan
Wanka Quechua
Wansöhöt see: Puinave Languages of Western Amazonia
Waorani Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Wapishana Arawakan stock
Wappo-Yuki North American small families and isolates
Warao Languages of Northern Amazonia
Warapu Papuan
Waray see: Warray Non-Pama-Nyungan
Waray-Waray Languages of the Philippines
Wardaman Non-Pama-Nyungan
Warekena Arawakan stock
Warembori Papuan
Wari Chapakura stock
Wariapano Pano family
Warihío see: Guarijío Uto-Aztecan
Wariyangga Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Warlbiri see: Warlpiri Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Warlpiri Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Warndarang Non-Pama-Nyungan
Warnman see: Waman Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Warpe Languages of the South American Cone
Warrai see: Warray Non-Pama-Nyungan
Warray Non-Pama-Nyungan
Warrgamay Pama-Nyungan
Warriyangka see: Wariyangga Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Warrongo see: Wirangu Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Warrungu see: Warungu Pama-Nyungan
Warrwa Nyulnyulan
Warumungu Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Warungu Pama-Nyungan
Wasa Kwa
Washo North American small families and isolates
Watam Papuan
Wathawurrung Pama-Nyungan
Wauja see: Waurá Arawakan stock
Waunana Languages of Northwest South America
Waurá Arawakan stock
Wawa Benue-Congo
Waxi see: Wakhi East Iranian
Waxiang Sinitic (Chinese)
Wayampi Tupi-Guarani substock
Wayana Carib family
Wayo see: Hayu Himalayan Bodic languages
Wayoró Tupian stock
Wayú Arawakan stock
Wayurú see: Wayoró Tupian stock
Wayuunaiki see: Wayú Arawakan stock
Wee Kru
Weh Benue-Congo
Welsh Welsh
Wemba Wemba see: Djadjala Pama-Nyungan
Wembawemba see: Djadjala Pama-Nyungan
Weri Papuan
Wersing Papuan
West African English Modern English
West African Pidgin Portuguese Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
West Germanic West Germanic
West Greenlandic Eskimo-Aleut
West Greenlandic Inuttut see: Kalaallisut Eskimo-Aleut
West Iranian West Iranian
West Ngongo Bantu
West Slavic West Slavic
West Tarangan Central Malayo-Polynesian
Western Fijian Polynesian
Western Kipchak (Tatar, Bashkir, Crimean Tatar, Karaim) Western Kipchak (Tatar, Bashkir, Crimean Tatar, Karaim)
Western Malayo-Polynesian Western Malayo-Polynesian
Western Muskogean Muskogean
Western Pantar Papuan
Western Tibeto-Burman (Bodic) Western Tibeto-Burman (Bodic)
Western Xiangxi Miao see: Xong Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao)
Western Yugur Southeast Turkic (Uighur)
Wetan Central Malayo-Polynesian
Weyema Central Malayo-Polynesian
White Russian see: Belarusian (Byelo-Russian, White Russian) Belarusian (Byelo-Russian, White Russian)
Whitesands Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Wichí Languages of the Chaco Region
Wichita Caddoan
Widala Chadic
Wik-Mungkan Paman
Wik-Ngathan Paman
Wilamowicean see: Wymysorys New High German
Win see: Toussian Gur (Voltaic)
Winnebago Siouan
Wintuan North American small families and isolates
Wiradhuri Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Wiradjuri see: Wiradhuri Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Wirangu Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Witoto see: Uitoto Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Witsuwit'en Carrier see: Babine Athapaskan-Eyak
Wiwa see: Sanká Chibcha family
Wixarika see: Huichol Uto-Aztecan
Wiyot Algonquian-Ritwan (Algic)
Wogu see: Bahinemo Papuan
Woirata Papuan
Woisika see: Kamang Papuan
Woiworung see: Taungurong Pama-Nyungan
Woiwurrung see: Taungurong Pama-Nyungan
Woiwurung see: Taungurong Pama-Nyungan
Wolaitta Omotic
Wolane Ethiopic
Wolaytta see: Wolaitta Omotic
Woleai Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Wolio Western Malayo-Polynesian
Wolof Atlantic
Worora Non-Pama-Nyungan
Wororan Non-Pama-Nyungan
Worrorra see: Worora Non-Pama-Nyungan
Worrorran see: Wororan Non-Pama-Nyungan
Written Oirat Oirat (including Kalmyk)
Wu Modern Chinese
Wubuy see: Nunggubuyu Non-Pama-Nyungan
Wunambal Non-Pama-Nyungan
Wutun Modern Chinese
Wutung Papuan
Wuzlam Chadic
Wymysiöeryś see: Wymysorys New High German
Wymysorys New High German
Xaayo Bantu
Xamtanga Cushitic
Xârâcùù Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Xassa see: Tigré Ethiopic
Xavante Jê family
Xerente Jê family
Xetá Guarani
Xhosa Bantu
Xiang Modern Chinese
Xiangxi Miao Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao)
Xibe see: Sibe Manchu
Ximoluo see: Enu Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Xinalug Lezghian
Xinca Mesoamerican small families and isolates
Xipáya Tupian stock
Xokleng Jê family
Xong Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao)
Xundzur see: Avar Avaro-Andi-Dido
Xunzal see: Gunzib Avaro-Andi-Dido
Xvarshi Avaro-Andi-Dido
Yaa Bantu
Yaaku Cushitic
Yaathe Macro-Jê stock
Yabarana Carib family
Yabem Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Yabim see: Yabem Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Yag Dii Adamawa
Yagán Languages of the South American Cone
Yagaria Papuan
Yaghnobi East Iranian
Yagua Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Yahi see: Yanan North American small families and isolates
Yaka Bantu
Yaka H30 Bantu
Yakima Sahaptian
Yakkha Himalayan Bodic languages
Yakut Yakut
Yala Benue-Congo
Yalaku Papuan
Yalarnnga Pama-Nyungan
Yale Papuan
Yali Papuan
Yalunka Mande
Yaluyandi Pama-Nyungan
Yam Papuan
Yam (Omotic) see: Yemsa Omotic
Yamasee North American small families and isolates
Yambeta Benue-Congo
Yami see: Da’o Languages of the Philippines
Yaminawa Pano family
Yanan North American small families and isolates
Yandruwandha Pama-Nyungan
Yang-Biao Kadai
Yankunytjatjara Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yan-nhangu Pama-Nyungan
Yanomami Languages of Northern Amazonia
Yanyuwa Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yao Bantu
Yao P20 Bantu
Yap see: Yapese Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Yapa Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yapese Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Yaqui Uto-Aztecan
Yaraldi see: Narrinyeri Pama-Nyungan
Yaruro Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Yasa Bantu
Yaure Mande
Yava Papuan
Yavapai Yuman
Yavitero Arawakan stock
Yawa (Papuan) see: Yava Papuan
Yawalapiti Arawakan stock
Yawanawa Pano family
Yawarrawarrka Pama-Nyungan
Yawelmani Yokuts
Yawuru Nyulnyulan
Yazghulami East Iranian
Ybanag see: Ibanag Languages of the Philippines
Yekhee Benue-Congo
Yekuana see: Ye’kwana Carib family
Ye’kwana Carib family
Yele Papuan
Yeli Dnye Papuan
Yélî Dnye see: Yeli Dnye Papuan
Yelmek Papuan
Yelmek-Maklew Papuan
Yemba Benue-Congo
Yemeni Arabic Modern Arabic dialects
Yemsa Omotic
Yenisey Paleosiberian (Paleoasiatic)
Yessan-Mayo Papuan
Yeyi Bantu
Yeyi R40 Bantu
Yi Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Yiddish Yiddish
Yidiñ see: Yidini Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yidini Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yidiny see: Yidini Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yigai see: Bahinemo Papuan
Yilan Creole Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Yimas Papuan
Yimas Pidgin Pidgins and creoles with lexifiers other than Romance and English
Yindjibarndi Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yine Arawakan stock
Yinggarda Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yingkarta see: Yinggarda Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yintyingka Pama-Nyungan
Yir Yiront see: Yir Yoront Paman
Yir Yoront Paman
Yir-Yoront see: Yir Yoront Paman
Yiwaidjan see: Iwaidjan Non-Pama-Nyungan
Yiyang Kadai
Yoeme see: Yaqui Uto-Aztecan
Yogad Languages of the Philippines
Yokuts Yokuts
Yolmo Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Yolngu matha see: Yolnu matha Australian
Yolngu Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Yolnu matha Australian
Yom Niger-Congo (Niger-Kordofanian)
Yombe Bantu
Yong Southwestern Tai
Yonghe Northeastern Tibeto-Burman languages
Yongkom Papuan
Yoorda Yoorda see: Yorta Yorta Pama-Nyungan
Yopno see: Yupna Papuan
Yora Pama-Nyungan
Yorta Yorta Pama-Nyungan
Yoruba Yoruba
Yoruba Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Yotayota see: Yorta Yorta Pama-Nyungan
Younuo Yao Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao)
Yowlumne see: Yawelmani Yokuts
Yowlumni see: Yawelmani Yokuts
Yuaga Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Yuanga see: Yuaga Melanesian and Micronesian (including Chamorro and Palauan)
Yucatec Mayan
Yucatec Maya Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Yuchi Yuchi
Yue see: Cantonese Modern Chinese
Yug Paleosiberian (Paleoasiatic)
Yugambal Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yugambeh see: Yugambal Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yugur see: New Uighur, Salar, Sarygh Uighur New Uighur, Salar, Sarygh Uighur
Yuhup Languages of Western Amazonia
Yui Papuan
Yukaghir Yukaghir
Yuki Tupi-Guarani substock
Yuki (Wappo) see: Wappo-Yuki North American small families and isolates
Yukpa Carib family
Yukuben Benue-Congo
Yukuna Arawakan stock
Yulparija see: Martu Wangka Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yulparitja see: Martu Wangka Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yuma Yuman
Yuman Yuman
Yunga see: Mochica Quechumaran stock
Yungueño Spanish see: Afro-Bolivian Spanish Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Yupik Eskimo-Aleut
Yupna Papuan
Yuracaré see: Yurakaré Languages of the South American Southern Foothills
Yurak Nenets
Yurakaré Languages of the South American Southern Foothills
Yurats Extinct Samoyedic languages
Yurimbil see: Gamilaraay Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Yurok Algonquian-Ritwan (Algic)
Yurújure see: Yurakaré Languages of the South American Southern Foothills
Yuwaalaraay Southwest Pama-Nyungan
Zaar Chadic
Zachčin see: Jakhachin Oirat (including Kalmyk)
Zagawa-Bideyat-Berti Nilo-Saharan
Zaiwa Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Zakhring Tibeto-Burman
Zambian Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Zamboagueño see: Chabacano Romance lexifier pidgins and creoles
Zamucoan Languages of the Chaco Region
Zan Zan
Zande Ubangian (Eastern)
Zao Min Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao)
Záparo Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Zaparoan Languages of the South American Northern Foothills
Zapotec Otomanguean
Zaramo Bantu
Zargari Romani
Zargulla Omotic
Zarma see: Zerma Nilo-Saharan
Zarqani Southwest Iranian
Zauzou Burmese-Lolo (Burmic)
Zay Ethiopic
Zaysete see: Zargulla Omotic
Zaza see: Zazaki Northwest Iranian
Zazaki Northwest Iranian
Zeem Chadic
Zenaga Berber
Zerma Nilo-Saharan
Zezuru Bantu
Zhang-Zhung Tibetan (Central Bodish)
Zhuang Northern Tai
Zialo Mande
Zigula Bantu
Zigula-Zaramo G30 Bantu
Zimbabwe Sign Language Individual sign languages (except ASL)
Zimbabwean English Modern English
Zina Kotoko Chadic
Zo’é Tupi-Guarani substock
Zoque Mixe-Zoquean
Zoulgo Chadic
Zulu Bantu
Zuni North American small families and isolates
Zuñi see: Zuni North American small families and isolates
Zuwara Berber
Zway see: Zay Ethiopic
   

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