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Subject keyword Context
A-bar movement see: Movement Generative grammar
Abbreviation
Abjad
Ablative
Ablaut
Absolute construction
Absolute vs. relative tense Tense
Absolutive see: Ergativity Case system
Abugida
Accent
Accommodation
Accusative
Accusativus-cum-infinitivo see: Raising
Acoustic phonetics
Acquisition planning
Acronym see: Abbreviation
Actionality see: Aktionsart
Active voice Voice
Actual sentence perspective see: Prague school Structuralism
Adaptation
Address
Adjective Part of speech
Adjunct
Admirative see: Mirativity
Adverb Part of speech
Adverbial construction
Affix
Affricate Obstruent < Consonant
Age
Agent Semantic role
Agglutinating languages see: Agglutination
Agglutination
Agglutinative see: Agglutination
Agrammatism
Agreement
Aktionsart
Alethic modality see: Modality
Allative (directional) see: Directional
Allative (locative) see: Locative (case) Case marking
Allomorph
Allophone
Alphabet
Alternative semantics
Alveolar Consonant
Alzheimer
Ambiguity
A-movement see: Movement Generative grammar
Analogy
Anaphora
Animacy
Animal communication
Annotation see: Tagging
Anthropological linguistics see: Ethnolinguistics
Anthroponymy
Anticausative see: Unaccusative Intransitive construction
Antipassive Voice
Antiquity
Antonymy
Aorist
Aphasia
Apheresis see: Elision Sound change
Apocope see: Elision Sound change
Apodosis see: Conditional
Applicative
Applied linguistics
Apposition
Appraisal theory
Approximant see: Glide Obstruent < Consonant
Arab tradition
Archaism
Areal linguistics see: Linguistic area
Argot see: Sociolect
Argument structure see: Valency
Argumentation
Article see: Determiner Function word
Articulation
Articulatory phonetics
Aspect
Aspiration
Assimilation Sound change
Attrition
Attrition (language loss) see: Language loss
Auditory phonetics
Augmentative
Authorship attribution
Autism
Autolexical grammar
Autosegmental phonology
Auxiliary Function word
Babbling
Baby talk see: Child-directed speech Input
Beneficiary Semantic role
Bibliography
Bilabial see: Labial Consonant
Bilingual education
Bilingualism
Binding Generative grammar
Biographical data
Biolinguistics
Body part Lexical field
Borrowing
Brain damage
Broca see: Modularity
Calque see: Loan translation
Capitalization
Cartography Generative grammar
Case (accusative) see: Accusative
Case (dative) see: Dative
Case (ergative) see: Ergativity Case system
Case (genitive) see: Genitive
Case (nominative) see: Nominative
Case assignment see: Case government
Case government
Case in generative grammar Generative grammar
Case marking
Case system
Casus generalis see: Case system
Casus obliquus (accusative) see: Accusative
Casus obliquus (case marking) see: Case marking
Casus obliquus (case system) see: Case system
Casus obliquus (dative) see: Dative
Casus obliquus (genitive) see: Genitive
Cataphora see: Anaphora
Categorial grammar
Causal
Causative
Character
Child-directed speech Input
Circumfix see: Affix
Classifier
Clause linkage
Cleft construction see: Clefting
Clefting
Click Consonant
Clipping see: Truncation
Clitic Function word
Coarticulation
Coda Syllable
Code-mixing see: Code-switching
Code-switching
Codification
Cognate
Cognition
Cognitive grammar see: Cognitive linguistics
Cognitive linguistics
Cohesion
Collective noun see: Noun class
Collocation
Colloquial
Color Lexical field
Comitative
Commissive see: Speech act
Comparative see: Degree
Comparative construction
Comparative linguistics
Complementation Subordination < Complex sentence
Complementizer see: Conjunction Function word
Complex sentence
Composition see: Compound
Compound
Computational linguistics
Computer-mediated communication Register
Concessive
Concord see: Agreement
Conditional
Conditional mood see: Mood
Conjugation
Conjunction Function word
Connective see: Conjunction Function word
Connectivity see: Clause linkage
Connotation
Consonant
Consonant cluster Consonant
Consonant duration Consonant
Consonant harmony Assimilation < Sound change
Construction grammar
Construction morphology
Content question Interrogative
Context
Contrastive analysis
Control Generative grammar
Converb
Convergence
Conversation analysis
Conversion
Coordination Complex sentence
Copula Function word
Coreference
Coronal Consonant
Corpus
Corpus linguistics
Corpus planning
Cotext see: Context
Count noun see: Noun class
Coverb see: Serial verb
Creation of writing systems see: Codification
Creole genesis
Creolization see: Creole genesis
Critical discourse analysis
Critical metaphor analysis
Critical period
Cross-cultural interaction see: Intercultural communication
Cultural linguistics
Cuneiform
Cyrillic Alphabet
Database
Dative
Deadjectival
Declarative Illocution
Declension
Definiteness
Degrammaticalization see: Grammaticalization
Degree
Deixis
Deletion Generative grammar
Deletion of sounds see: Elision Sound change
Dementia
Demography
Demonstrative Function word
Denominal
Dental Consonant
Deontic modality Modality
Dependency grammar Structuralism
Dependency phonology
Depictive secondary predication see: Secondary predication Predication
Derivational morphology
Determiner Function word
Determiner phrase Generative grammar
Deverbal
Devoicing Sound change
Dialect change
Dialect convergence see: Dialect change
Dialect levelling see: Dialect change
Dialect loss and maintenance
Dialectal lexicon
Dialectology
Dictionary
Differential object marking
Diffusion
Diglossia
Diminutive
Diphthong Vowel
Direct object Object
Direct vs. inverse see: Inverse
Directional
Directive speech act see: Request Speech act
Discourse analysis
Discourse grammar see: Text grammar
Discourse marker
Discourse representation theory
Dislocation Word order
Disorders of language development
Dissimilation Sound change
Distributed morphology Generative grammar
Distributional semantics
Ditransitive
Dorsal Consonant
Double object Object
Down syndrome
DP see: Determiner phrase Generative grammar
DRT see: Discourse representation theory
Dual Number
Dual route
Dummy see: Expletive
Durative see: Aktionsart
Dynamic semantics
Dynamic syntax
Dysgrammatism see: Agrammatism
Dyslexia
Early bilingualism
ECM see: Raising
Economy (in generative syntax) see: Minimalism Generative grammar
ECP see: Empty category Generative grammar
Eighteenth century
Ejective Obstruent < Consonant
Elative see: Degree
Element theory
Elicitation
Elision Sound change
Ellipsis
Emotion
Emphasis
Emphatic consonant see: Pharyngeal Consonant
Empty category Generative grammar
Empty category principle see: Empty category Generative grammar
Empty head see: Head
Enclitic see: Clitic Function word
Endangered language
Ending
Epenthesis Sound change
Epistemic modality Modality
EPP see: Extended projection principle Generative grammar
Ergative see: Ergativity Case system
Ergativity Case system
ERP see: Event-related potential
Ethnicity
Ethnolect
Ethnolinguistics
Ethnonym
Etymology
Euphemism
European structuralism see: Prague school Structuralism
Event-related potential
Evidentiality
Evolution
Exceptional case marking see: Raising
Exclamative Illocution
Exemplar theory
Existential construction
Experiencer Semantic role
Experimental phonetics/phonology
Expletive
Extended projection principle Generative grammar
Eye movement
Factivity
Facultative modality see: Modality
FDG see: Functional discourse grammar
Feature checking Generative grammar
Feminine gender see: Gender
Feminist linguistics see: Gender variation
Fieldwork
First language acquisition by pre-school children
First language acquisition by school children
First language acquisition, child language
Flora and fauna Lexical field
Focus Information structure
Folk etymology
Folk taxonomy
Food and drink Lexical field
Foot
Foreign accent
Foreign language learning see: Foreign language learning/teaching
Foreign language learning/teaching
Foreign language teaching see: Foreign language learning/teaching
Foreigner talk see: Accommodation
Forensic linguistics
Form of address see: Address
Formal models
Formal semantics
Fortis see: Plosive Obstruent < Consonant
Frame semantics
Free indirect speech
Frequency (phonetics)
Frequency of occurrence
Fricative Obstruent < Consonant
Fricativization see: Spirantization Sound change
Fronting see: Dislocation Word order
Function word
Functional discourse grammar
Functional grammar see: Functionalism
Functional sentence perspective see: Prague school Structuralism
Functional style see: Register
Functionalism
Fusion (polysynthesis) see: Polysynthesis
Fusion (synthesis vs. analysis) see: Synthesis vs. analysis
Future Tense
Future perfect see: Future Tense
Fuzziness
Gapping
Garden path theory
GB see: Generative grammar
Geminate Consonant
Gender
Gender variation
General
Generalization see: Simplification
Generative grammar
Generative lexicon Generative grammar
Generic reference Reference
Genetic affiliation
Genitive
Genre
Gerund
Gesture
Given-new see: Information structure
Glagolitic Alphabet
Glide Obstruent < Consonant
Globalization
Glottal Consonant
Glottochronology see: Lexicostatistics
Government Generative grammar
Government and binding see: Generative grammar
Government phonology Generative grammar
Grammar acquisition
Grammar, morphosyntax
Grammatical borrowing
Grammatical semantics
Grammaticalization
Grapheme
Guided second language acquisition
Habitual Aspect
Hangul Alphabet
Harmonic grammar
Harmonic serialism Optimality theory
Head
Head-driven phrase structure grammar
Headless construction see: Head
Hearing impairment
Hedging see: Mitigation
Heritage language
Hiatus Vowel
Hieroglyph
Hiragana see: Kana Syllabary
Historical lexicology
Historical linguistics and language change
Historical morphology
Historical phonology see: Sound change
Historical semantics see: Semantic change
Historical sociolinguistics
Historical syntax
History of linguistics, biographical data
Holophrase see: Ellipsis
Homonymy
Honorific
HPSG see: Head-driven phrase structure grammar
Humor
Hypercorrection
Hyperonymy
Hypocorism
Hyponymy
Hypotaxis see: Subordination Complex sentence
Iconicity
Ideophone
Idiolect
Idiom
Illocution
Imperative
Imperfective Aspect
Impersonal construction
Implicature
Implosive Obstruent < Consonant
Incorporation
Indefiniteness
Indian tradition
Indicative see: Mood
Indirect object Object
Indirective see: Evidentiality
Inference
Infinitive
Infix see: Affix
Inflectional
Inflectional morphology
Information structure
Ingressive see: Aspect
Inherent case see: Case in generative grammar Generative grammar
Innateness
Innovation
Input
Instrumental (case) Case marking
Instrumental (semantic role) Semantic role
Integrational linguistics
Intelligibility
Intensification
Intensifier see: Intensification
Interaction
Intercultural communication
Interdental see: Dental Consonant
Interface
Interference see: Transfer
Interjection
Interlanguage
Internationalism see: Loanword
Interrogative
Intonation
Intransitive construction
Inverse
Inverse case see: Inverse
Inverse voice see: Inverse
Inversion Word order
Irony
Irrealis see: Mood
Island defect see: Movement Generative grammar
Island effect see: Movement Generative grammar
Isogloss
Isolating language
Isomorphism see: Transparency
Iterative
Jargon
Kana Syllabary
Kanji Character
Katakana see: Kana Syllabary
Kinship term Lexical field
Labial Consonant
Labiodental see: Labial Consonant
Language acquisition
Language attitudes and social identity
Language choice
Language comprehension
Language contact
Language death
Language disorders
Language disorders other than developmental and aphasia
Language documentation
Language faculty see: Linguistic competence
Language for special purposes
Language ideology
Language island
Language legislation
Language loss
Language loss and maintenance
Language mixing see: Mixed language
Language policy and language planning
Language production
Language shift
Language variation
Laryngeal Consonant
Lateral Liquid < Sonorant < Consonant
Learnability
Left periphery Periphery
Lenis see: Plosive Obstruent < Consonant
Lenition Sound change
Lexical access
Lexical acquisition
Lexical aspect see: Aktionsart
Lexical blend Neologism
Lexical constructional model
Lexical decomposition see: Semantic primitive
Lexical field
Lexical functional grammar
Lexical hybrid see: Adaptation
Lexical phonology
Lexical priming
Lexical semantics
Lexicalization
Lexicography
Lexicology
Lexicon (lexicology and lexicography)
Lexicon-grammar
Lexicostatistics
LFG see: Lexical functional grammar
Light verb
Lingua franca
Linguistic area
Linguistic competence
Linguistic determinism see: Linguistic relativity
Linguistic distance see: Intelligibility
Linguistic geography
Linguistic human rights
Linguistic ideology see: Language ideology
Linguistic landscape
Linguistic norm see: Standard language
Linguistic prejudice
Linguistic relativity
Linguistic theory and methodology
Linguistic typology, universals of language
Liquid Obstruent < Consonant
Literacy
Loan translation
Loanword
Locative (case) Case marking
Locative (semantic role) Semantic role
Locative alternation
Logic
Logical form Generative grammar
Logographic script see: Character
Logophoricity see: Coreference
Machine processing see: Natural language processing
Machine translation
Main clause
Manner of articulation see: Articulation
Markedness
Masculine gender see: Gender
Mass noun see: Noun class
Matched guise see: Linguistic prejudice
Mathematical and computational linguistics
Mediative see: Evidentiality
Memory
Mental lexicon
Mental representation
Mental space theory Cognitive linguistics
Merge in generative grammar see: Movement Generative grammar
Meronymy
Metalinguistic awareness
Metalinguistic data
Metaphony Assimilation < Sound change
Metaphor
Metathesis Sound change
Meter
Metonymy
Metre see: Meter
Metrics, versification
Middle Ages
Middle voice Voice
Migration
Mimetic see: Ideophone
Minimalism Generative grammar
Minimalist program see: Minimalism Generative grammar
Minority language
Mirativity
Mitigation
Mixed language
Modality
Modernization
Modification
Modifier see: Modification
Modularity
Monitoring
Monolingual lexicography
Montague grammar
Mood
Mora
Morphology and word-formation
Morphophonology
Motherese see: Child-directed speech Input
Mother-to-child see: Child-directed speech Input
Motion Verb class
Movement Generative grammar
Multilingualism
Multilingualism, language contact
Mutation see: Lenition Sound change
Name studies other than anthroponymy and toponymy
Nanosyntax
Narrative Text type
Nasal Vowel
Nasalization Assimilation < Sound change
National identity
Nativeness
Natural language generation
Natural language processing
Natural morphology see: Transparency
Natural semantic metalanguage see: Semantic primitive
Necessity see: Modality
Negation
Negative polarity item see: Polarity
Neologism
Neurolinguistics
Neurolinguistics and language disorders
Neuter gender see: Gender
Neutralization
Nineteenth century
NLG see: Natural language generation
NLP see: Natural language processing
Nominalization
Nominative
Non-finite clause Complex sentence
Non-verbal communication
Non-Western traditions
Normalization see: Status planning
Noun Part of speech
Noun class
Noun phrase
NP see: Noun phrase
NPI see: Polarity
Nucleus Syllable
Null argument
Null subject Null argument
Number
Numeral Function word
Object
Oblique case see: Case in generative grammar Generative grammar
Obstruent Consonant
Obviative vs. proximate see: Inverse
Official language
Onomastics
Onomatopoeia see: Ideophone
Onset Syllable
Optimality theory
Oral language see: Spoken language Register
Organization
Origin of language
Orthographic reform
Orthography
OT see: Optimality theory
Palatal Consonant
Palatalization Assimilation < Sound change
Paradigm
Paragoge see: Epenthesis Sound change
Parallel grammar
Parameter see: Principles and parameters Generative grammar
Parataxis see: Coordination Complex sentence
Parenthetical
Parkinson
Parsing
Part of speech
Participle
Particle Function word
Particle verb see: Phrasal verb
Partitive
Passive participle see: Participle
Passive voice Voice
Past Tense
Past participle see: Participle
Patient Semantic role
Pause
Peak see: Nucleus Syllable
Pejorative
Perception
Perfect
Perfective Aspect
Performative Speech act
Periphery
Periphrasis
Person
Personal pronoun Pronoun < Function word
Pharyngeal Consonant
Phase verb Verb class
Phi-feature see: Agreement
Philosophy of language
Phoneme inventory
Phonetics
Phonetics and phonology
Phonological change see: Sound change
Phonology
Phonosemantic word see: Ideophone
Phonotactics
Phrasal verb
Phraseological unit
Phraseology, paroemiology
Pictographic representation
Pied piping Generative grammar
Pitch see: Accent
Place of articulation see: Articulation
Plosive Obstruent < Consonant
Pluperfect see: Absolute vs. relative tense Tense
Plural Number
Plurilingual language acquisition
Plurilingual lexicography
Polarity
Politeness
Polysemy
Polysynthesis
Polysynthetic language see: Polysynthesis
Portmanteau see: Lexical blend Neologism
Possession
Possessive pronoun Pronoun < Function word
Possibility see: Modality
Postposition Function word
Poststructuralism
Power
PP see: Prepositional phrase
Pragmatics acquisition
Pragmatics, discourse analysis and text grammar
Prague school Structuralism
Predication
Prefix see: Affix
Preposition Function word
Prepositional phrase
Present Tense
Prestige
Prestige planning see: Status planning
Presupposition
Preverb see: Affix
Priming
Principles and parameters Generative grammar
Pro see: Null subject Null argument
Processing
Proclitic see: Clitic Function word
Pro-drop see: Null subject Null argument
Productivity
Proficiency see: Linguistic competence
Progressive Aspect
Promise see: Speech act
Pronoun Function word
Pronoun of address see: Address
Proper name
Proper noun see: Proper name
Proposition
Protasis see: Conditional
Prothesis see: Epenthesis Sound change
Proto-language
Prototype
Proverb
Proximate vs. obviative see: Inverse
Pseudo-cleft see: Clefting
Psycholinguistics
Psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics
Punctuation
Purism
Purpose
Quantification
Quantifier see: Quantification
Quotation
Race see: Ethnicity
Racism
Radical CV phonology
Raising
Reading
Realis see: Mood
Reanalysis
Reason see: Causal
Recipient Semantic role
Reciprocal
Recognition
Reconstruction
Reconstruction in generative grammar see: Logical form Generative grammar
Reduction
Redundancy
Reduplication
Reference
Reference grammar
Referring see: Reference
Reflexive
Refusal see: Speech act
Refutation see: Speech act
Regional language
Regional variation
Register
Regularization see: Analogy
Reinforcement
Relational grammar
Relational network theory
Relative clause Complex sentence
Relative tense see: Absolute vs. relative tense Tense
Relevance theory
Relexification
Renaissance
Repetition
Reported speech
Request Speech act
Resultative Aspect
Resultative secondary predication see: Secondary predication Predication
Retroflex Consonant
Revitalization
Rhetorical question
Rhetorical structure theory
Rhetorics
Rhotic Liquid < Sonorant < Consonant
Rhyme Syllable
Rhythm
Right periphery Periphery
RNG see: Relational network theory
Role and reference grammar
Root
Root modality see: Modality
RRG see: Role and reference grammar
Rule-generalization see: Simplification
Sandhi
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis see: Linguistic relativity
Schwa Vowel
Scope
Scrambling Generative grammar
Script, orthography
Second language (acquisition)
Secondary predicate see: Secondary predication Predication
Secondary predication Predication
Secret language see: Jargon
Selection restriction
Semantic change
Semantic field see: Lexical field
Semantic function see: Semantic role
Semantic primitive
Semantic role
Semantics
Semantics and pragmatics
Semiotics
Semivowel see: Glide Obstruent < Consonant
Sense/sensory Lexical field
Sentence mood see: Illocution
Separable verb see: Phrasal verb
Sequence of tenses see: Absolute vs. relative tense Tense
Serial verb
Serialization see: Serial verb
Seventeenth century
SFG see: Systemic functional grammar
Shortening see: Truncation
Sibilant Obstruent < Consonant
Silence
Simpler syntax see: Parallel grammar
Simplification
Singular Number
Situation semantics
Slang see: Sociolect
SLI see: Specific language impairment
Sluicing Generative grammar
Small clause Generative grammar
Smell see: Sense/sensory Lexical field
Social network
Sociolect
Sociolinguistics and dialectology
Sociolinguistics, language variation
Sociophonetics
Sonorant Consonant
Sonority
Sound change
Space
Spatial see: Space
Specific language impairment
Specific reference Reference
Specifier Generative grammar
Spectral analysis
Speech acquisition
Speech act
Speech community
Speech error
Speech pathology
Speech rate
Speech technology
Spirantization Sound change
Split intransitivity see: Case system
Spoken language Register
Sprachbund see: Linguistic area
Stammering see: Speech pathology
Standard language
Standardization
Statistical and quantitative linguistics
Statistics
Status planning
Stem see: Root
Stigmatization see: Linguistic prejudice
Stop see: Plosive Obstruent < Consonant
Stranding
Stress accent see: Accent
Structural case see: Case in generative grammar Generative grammar
Structuralism
Stylistics
Stylometry see: Authorship attribution
Subject
Subjectification
Subjunctive see: Mood
Subordination Complex sentence
Substrate
Suffix see: Affix
Superlative see: Degree
Suppletion
Suprasegmental phonology (prosody)
Switch reference
Syllabary
Syllable
Syncope see: Elision Sound change
Synonymy
Syntax
Syntax first alignment
Synthesis vs. analysis
Systemic functional grammar
Taboo
Tagging
Tail-head-linkage see: Cohesion
Taste see: Sense/sensory Lexical field
Telicity see: Aktionsart
Temperature see: Sense/sensory Lexical field
Temporal construction see: Time
Tense
Tenuis see: Plosive Obstruent < Consonant
Terminology
Text grammar
Text type
Textbook
Theme-rheme see: Information structure
Theta role see: Semantic role
Time
Tone
Topic Information structure
Topic marking
Topic-comment see: Information structure
Toponymy
Touch see: Sense/sensory Lexical field
Tough-movement see: Raising
Transcription
Transfer
Transformational-generative grammar see: Generative grammar
Transitive construction
Transitivity
Translation
Transliteration
Transparency
Truncation
Truth
Turn-taking see: Conversation analysis
Twentieth century
Twenty-first century
Umlaut see: Metaphony Assimilation < Sound change
Unaccusative Intransitive construction
Unergative Intransitive construction
Unguided second language acquisition
Univerbation
Universal
Universal grammar Generative grammar
Universal quantification Quantification
Usage-based
Uvular Consonant
Vagueness see: Fuzziness
Valence see: Valency
Valency
Velar Consonant
Verb Part of speech
Verb class
Verb phrase
Verb second see: Word order
Verbal abuse
Verbal noun
Vitality
Vocalization Sound change
Vocative
Voice
Voice onset time
Voice quality
Voiced Consonant
Voiceless Consonant
Voicing Sound change
VOT see: Voice onset time
Vowel
Vowel harmony Metaphony < Assimilation < Sound change
Vowel length see: Vowel quantity Vowel
Vowel quantity Vowel
VP shell see: Verb phrase
Weak noun phrase see: Indefiniteness
Western traditions
Wh-question see: Content question Interrogative
Williams syndrome
Word boundary
Word class see: Part of speech
Word grammar
Word order
Writing
Writing development
Written language Register
X-bar see: Generative grammar
Zero
   

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