• La figura di Domingo Muriel nella crisi della provincia gesuitica del Paraguay (1750–1773)
  • Language (written in): Italian
  • Author: Melai, Fabrizio
  • Source: Richerche di Storia Sociale e Religiosa volume 80, (2011): 35–56.
  • Published: 2011
  • ISSN: 0392-1581
  • Abstract: Starting from the mi-eighteenth century, the Jesuit Province of Paraguay underwent a profound crisis that would last until the extinction of the Order in 1773. The famous Reductions of Paraguay were the location of the Jesuit’s greatest missionary undertaking, by then having already achieved mythical status, the primary and final vehicle of which was, a few years earlier, the publication of Muratori’s Cristianesimo felice (Happy Christianity). Nevertheless, the Treaty of 1750 between Spain and Portugal redrew the boundaries of the Reductions, provoking revolt by the converted indigenous populations, not without some ambiguity on the part of the Jesuit missionaries. The so-called “Guarani War” occupied the armies of both colonial powers from 1752 to 1756 when, the rebels defeated, the Jesuit Order found itself accused of sedition. In this context, the Province of Paraguay saw its leaders and internal consortia zeroed out, and Domingo Muriel, an able member who had been until then marginalized for his disciplinary positions, was able to advance. After having assisted with the reconstruction of the Province, in 1766 he was named procurator in Europe and went to Spain where, in 1767, he felt the expulsion of all Jesuits ordered by Carlo III. His Province, exiled to Faenza, in the Papal States, once again found itself at the centre of a structural crisis, during which centrifugal impulses surfaced: Muriel’s work was fundamental to opposing them and to strengthening the faith of the Order through the adoption of rigorous disciplinary measures and the spiritual reading of the crisis experienced by the Jesuits and by Catholic culture in general.
  • Note: The Figure of in the Crisis of the Jesuit Province of Paraguay (1750-1773)
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